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“宋书殿军”张即之,凭一楷书挽南宋书坛颓势,表敌女真亦来求字
发布时间: 2020-10-14 来源:未知 点击次数:
\u003cp>宋朝是一个让人遐想无边的时代,固然其军事减衰,但其文化经济却高度发达,诗文书画名家不绝。比如在书法方面,前有“苏黄米蔡”四行家,两宋更迭之际则有宋徽宗、宋高宗两位皇帝身体力走挥毫泼墨。甚至到了国力没落、朝政紊乱的南宋,还益巧不巧的蹦出来了一个张即之,以一己之力为日渐稳定的南宋书坛注入了一股久违的活力!\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg src="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/61D6478E9B586BEFE4E6E4AC01CFC37D78BA973D_w626_h1131.jpg" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之楷书\u003c/p>\u003cp>"宋书殿军"张即之\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之在南宋书坛及书法史里的地位及影响是不能幼觑的,尤其是他的楷书。多所周知,楷书的发展自魏晋以来,于唐朝时已到达其顶峰。同时在宋人“尚意”书风的潮流之下,正儿八经写楷书的书法人都是极少的,更别挑楷书行家的了,非要说的话也照样有一位,那就是蔡襄。\u003c/p>\u003cp>但是在蔡襄之后,直到南宋末年,才横空而出了张即之。张即之擅写擘窠大字(也就是吾们后来说的榜书)之楷书,\u003cstrong>其大字楷书古雅遒劲,中楷幼楷则俊健超卓,据《宋史》记载其“以能书闻天下”,更有“宋书殿军”之美誉!\u003c/strong>\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/AE97FE406659D32109E28A441DA84CE8AB529E90_w640_h300.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:46.875%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《佛教遗经》\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8990826C008213EAF85AF5ABA6A409A3D165C367_w640_h610.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:95.3125%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《太上洞玄灵宝无量度人上品妙经》\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cstrong>除了受到当朝书法文人的表彰,就连与南宋政权处于敌对状态的女真族(金朝)也不吝派人来重金收购张即之的书法作品\u003c/strong>,由此可见张即之的字有着多大的魅力!比如他的《大字杜甫诗》就被古人评为"有长风破浪气象"。\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8898016DCC76F9331F5AA5FB0F2FD8E8E80D4005_w640_h371.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:57.96875%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《大字杜甫诗》\u003c/p>\u003cp>能够说,\u003cstrong>张即之在南宋书坛竖首了一壁与多差别的旗帜!\u003c/strong>虽说以其一己之力挽书法式微之狂澜有点夸张,但他照样\u003cstrong>是一位穷其毕生之力以转折衰亡书风的革新家\u003c/strong>,这对后世书法带来了远大的影响!\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/9ED2B5CB363BFEF8BEFDAC895FC3C0B62CE75848_w640_h1042.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:162.8125%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《大字杜甫诗》\u003c/p>\u003cp>值得一挑的是,也许有人会将其误认为当今的“江湖体”,那可就错了,他的字并非当今那些无根之萍的丑书可比的。甚至近代擅写大字榜书的沙孟海,也稍逊于他。张即之的书法深受唐人影响,初学欧阳询、褚遂良和颜真卿,后师米芾,参以汉隶及晋唐经书,添上受禅宗形而上学思维的影响,故形成一栽稀奇的书法艺术风格。并能"独传家学",以其叔父张孝祥(绍兴24年,公元1154年的状元,同榜中进士的有范成大,杨万里、虞允文)书为主调,而自成一家系统。\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《大字杜甫诗》赏识\u003c/p>\u003cp>接下来,吾们一首来意识并赏识张即之的楷书作品《大字杜甫诗》——\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/BB50968B52C699B52FFFA976BE7EB1D2A27FD76D_w640_h587.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:91.71875%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《大字杜甫诗》\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/8B65ACA51180499FF1B7A04075D4B6877C57B960_w640_h333.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:52.03124999999999%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/C2106369EFB4AF239BB4326165913CF9A03D7D4E_w640_h335.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:52.34375%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/4CCA8D0BED47357F3BB9D4AC04853545040B4CEE_w640_h550.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:85.9375%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/F62D7CF9E451C0BA2DE66993B12CAC36284C1F6D_w640_h333.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:52.03124999999999%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/0D41D33956953C1E0A087E1FCF7AB0987923A9F9_w640_h326.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:50.9375%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/A8F9673515DE4E11A88C286F9DAAC3DB0C35AF46_w640_h357.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:55.78125000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/34D25B0213C087283624A03099F8166AD5660E2E_w640_h328.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:51.24999999999999%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/AB8DD79E4FC64E55E9A239D2E8B794EBC6FF5E87_w640_h347.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:54.21875000000001%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/F5DFB23F282E8383BC69E53C1FEE9995FBE2E34E_w640_h328.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:51.24999999999999%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/30A7FD548A5E8F22AAF926FC2D4935AFEDDA74CD_w640_h351.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:54.84375%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/E9B3502B36B2FDBA20C043CF0CD9D28C2B2CF9F0_w640_h481.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:75.15625%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/40804FED8359D37D7E08605FF1E16B0E8A989A99_w640_h323.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:50.46874999999999%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/B804BEA142EE8韩国日本一级猛片E07505806A47CCE9E6BA0733_w640_h349.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:54.53125%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/EE308131778BF6EB4FBA218F095F42724D6CB796_w640_h330.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:51.5625%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>\u003cimg class="empty_bg" data-lazyload="https://x0.ifengimg.com/ucms/2020_40/70F378B877D11A3CBF2C842EE26A071FAB117513_w640_h478.jpg" src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP" style="background-color:#f2f2f2;padding-top:74.6875%;" />\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之《大字杜甫诗》\u003c/p>\u003cp>张即之是南宋后期力挽狂澜、崛首书法艺术、穷毕生之力以转折衰亡书风的革新家,称雄暂时!其"大字古雅遒劲,细书尤俊健超卓",下笔简洁凝练,运笔坚实峻健,点画顾盼生情,结字秀气而骨力遒劲,使字字结体生动明快,隐微不落窠臼。\u003c/p>